Sir Thomas Fanshawe, Kt., of Jenkins (1628-1705) and his 1st wife, Margaret (1635-1674)

Object number

LDVAL 10

Date

after 1657 – before 1660

Description

Sir Thomas Fanshawe and his wife, Margaret, only daughter and sole heir of Sir Edward Heath, H.B., of Cottesmore, Rutland. Thomas and Margaret married in 1657 and had one daughter, Susanna (1661-1714), who was Thomas' only child. Thomas and Margaret would have been 32 and 25 years respectively when this picture is considered to have been painted. They were married from a relatives house and apparently without the consent of Margaret's father. However, any disagreements were forgotton upon the birth of her daughter. Thomas was the son of Thomas Fanshawe (1607-1652) and Susanna Otten (1608-1668) (see no.42), and became the fifth and last Fanshawe of Jenkins, Barking and last Lord of the Manor of Barking, which his grandfather has purchased from the Crown on the year of his birth. In 1679 he presented the Elizabethan court and market house, along with five acres of market place and related shops and stalls, to the inhabitants of Barking. He was knighted in 1660. Margaret Heath, affectionately known as Peggy, was born at Verulam House, St Albans on 29th October 1636. Her mother died when she was nine. She attended the execution of King Charles I in 1649. She was twice taken hostage by the parliamentarians and her father was twice imprisioned by them, the second time taken to the Tower where he remained until the restoration. After her death on 26th October 1674 Margaret was buried at Barking on 6th November. This portrait has been described as Sir Thomas (1580-1631) and his wife, grandparents of the above Sir Thomas, who were dead before Lely came to England.

Physical description

Portrait of two figures. Lady on left sitting, man on right standing. The lady is wearing a silver silk dress with a pink cape just visible over her left shoulder. She has a posy of flowers in her lap and a King Charles spaniel by her side. The man is standing with his left hand on his hip and is clasping his dark jacket at his chest with his right hand. His white silk shirt is visible on his right arm. A landscape is visible behind the lady and columns and curtains are visible behind the man..

Condition

Notes

Sir Peter Lely (original name Pieter van der Faes), Baroque portrait painter known for his Van Dyck-influenced likenesses of the mid-17th-century English aristocracy. The origin of the name Lely is uncertain. He studied in Holland at Haarlem, where he became a guild member in 1637. He probably arrived in England in about 1643, and he soon gained the patronage of the court, painting portraits of Charles I and James, duke of York. He was a buyer at the sale of Charles I's picture collection (1649-53) and in about 1651 petitioned Parliament for the mural decoration of Whitehall. Lely was a connoisseur and was known for his own fine collection of art. He prospered during the Commonwealth and even more during the Restoration, when he produced his finest portraits. In 1661 he received a pension of £ 200 a year, ?as formerly to Van Dyck.? He was knighted in 1679. Lely was the most technically proficient painter in England after the death of Van Dyck. During the Commonwealth he adopted a severe, puritanical style, but his Restoration portraits of women are noted for their subtle colouring, skillful rendering of silk, and the air of sensuous languor with which they invest their subjects - e.g., the portrait series of court ladies entitled The Windsor Beauties (1660s; Hampton Court, London). Simultaneously he painted the portrait series of the Admirals (1666-67) at Greenwich, the best of them rugged and severely masculine characterizations. Lely's late works are marred by stylistic mannerisms and decreasing vitality.

Type

Portrait Painting

Size

Whole width: 1780mm
height: 1540mm
Canvas height: 1350mm
width: 1600mm

Collection type

Visual arts

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Gallery

Metadata
Start dateafter 1657
End datebefore 1660
InstitutionValence House Museum
TypePortrait Painting
Collection typeVisual arts